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Precise theme tackled by the practice: 
The quality of wood fuel for the commercial heating sector - findings of research and best practice approach to delivering to EN specification
Objectives of the practice: 
To take stock of the quality standards and the practical steps required within the fuel production supply chain to achieve this. Good practice examples were sought from Italy and UK to review and compare with the Irish scenario.
Location
Country: 
Ireland
Region or District or Metropolitan Area or Municipality: 
South East Region
Detailed description of the practice
Description of the practice: 
GIFT Speaker Topics Paddy Phelan - TEA “The Business Case for Quality” Ben Tansey – re:heat Ltd “Wood Fuel Management Case Study” – Presented by Paddy Phelan Dr Andrea Sgarbossa- Università degli Studi di Padova “Italian Wood Fuel Quality Management System” Noel Gavigan – Irish Bio Energy “The Irish Wood Fuel Quality Management Framework” Tom Kent – WIT “Overview of the Forest Energy Research Programme” • According to the SEAI annual report, renewables to heating in Ireland is dominated by Biomass. • Doubled wood energy use • 3 million m³ harvested annually and 3 million more required by 2020 • Opportunity identified in thinnings, stumps and brash. • 1.5 million tonnes of an opportunity in stumps and brash. • Recently 1 brash contractor in Ireland • Whole tree view for the future Nick Mockler – WIT “Characterisation of Moisture and Density of Commercial Tree Species” • Moisture content expressed as a %, Density expressed as kg/m³ • Analysis performed on all of the different tree species in each of the regions and identifies South East Irish region identifies as best conditions for broadleaf. • Conifers take on average 20% longer to season in Ireland • 5.3KWh per oven dry wood Kg • Merchantable stem & residues. Tom Kent – WIT “Forecasting and Monitoring Dry Rates of Woodfuels” • Storage at all stages affects the drying. Either adds or removes moisture. • Issues of CO2, fungus, spores. • Study conducted with and without covers. • Best drying conditions for logs identified as in exposed windy areas with cover. • Covers for Irish market not suitable (have short life span) as they are based on Scandinavian weather conditions. • Can achieve drying to 20% in Irish conditions • Spring drying identified as being the shortest ~120 days • Validation of study in Clonmel and Macroom Alasdair Dunnett – WIT “Rapid and Low Cost Methods of Wood Fuel Moisture Determination” • Number of different EN standards in relation to moisture determination • 2 main types EN 13183-2 : 2002 electrical, EN 13183 – 3 :2005 Capacitance • Advantages and disadvantages for each and varying levels of cost. • Accuracy and repeatability for each • Round wood ; Humimeter BLW & Photometer Timber master • Timber master is limited at 50% as a maximum • Internal Ring provides consistent Accuracy
Evaluation
Possible demonstrated results: 
36 people have increased knowledge on EN standards and how to achieve them.
Possible success factors: 
Understanding of the value of a Quality System in Fuel Production across entire supply chain.
Difficulties encountered: 
Market barriers to finance and support for producers to scale up to justify additional cost of a QA system.
Lessons learnt from the practice: 
The cost of quality implementation is far outweighted by the cost of NOT!!!
Contact information: 
www.tea.ie
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The Interregional Cooperation Programme INTERREG IVC, financed by the European Union’s Regional Development Fund, helps Regions of Europe work together to share experience and good practice in the areas of innovation, the knowledge economy, the environment and risk prevention. EUR 302 million is available for project funding but, more than that, a wealth of knowledge and potential solutions are also on hand for regional policy-makers.